America’s return to East Asia’s goal is to prevent a hegemon in East Asia, and China do not want to see in East Asia appear overlord. At this point, the two countries’ common goal. For China, the active participation of peripheral affairs, raised the issue, set the agenda, thereby shaping the rules, is the only real.
Chinese influence in East Asia is to rely on the market, non-violence
there are indications that East Asia is moving toward an era of supremacy. Recently, the U.S. “China hands” who have published opinions, analysis and judgment of Sino-US relations, Brzezinski, for example, that “tolerance of some of China’s ambition”; Kissinger that “Sino-US jointly can not lead the world.” . Brzezinski and Kissinger are the United States first-class strategist and diplomat, though already gone, but still has an important influence in U.S. foreign policy circles. Their common understanding, the United States do not confrontational with China in East Asia.
than 40 years ago, Sino-US balance of power has been a big difference, the pattern of East Asia is also true. 40 years ago in East Asia is an important part of the global Cold War in the United States and the Soviet Union, and other East Asian countries own capacity to act is limited. Even Richard Nixon visited China, close to China and the United States, is also an important part of the Cold War.in the interests of level, the cooperation and exchanges between China and the United States and not because of the collapse of the Soviet Union and termination of the national policy of reform and opening up China into the United States led the world economy in the material level, in 2010, China has replaced Japan to become the world’s second-largest economy.
but at the psychological level, between China and the United States, there are many obstacles in bilateral relations, the Cold War mentality, always attack after the end of the Cold War, the United States have been looking for an imaginary enemy, but China has repeatedly list. Followed by the United States is often regarded as the biggest obstacle to curb China’s rise.Since 2010, the U.S. high-profile return to East Asia, to strengthen the alliance with the neighboring countries of China, China’s peripheral diplomacy moment in a passive position. America’s return to Asia as well as measures to contain China and can not long be maintained, because the Chinese influence in East Asia is to rely on the market, non-violence, the market is a diffuse permeability of the power of thinking of the Cold War but Choudao without water only. The United States need to understand that the situation in East Asia has undergone a fundamental change in both the United States or China need to clear the “non-enemy of the Friends of the Cold War mentality.
China and the United States do not want a hegemon in East Asia
the United States is difficult to form a united force “containment” in East Asia. There are several reasons.
First, the opposite camps of the East Asian region has been the basic collapse of economic cooperation is the collapse of its main force. On the surface, since 2010, the United States “tame” South Korea and Japan, and strengthen the military alliance, but the same should see, China has replaced the U.S. as the largest trading partner of Japan and South Korea and ASEAN Free Trade Area has also been start, Japan and South Korea FTA negotiations are also on the agenda. America’s return to East Asia does not change the trend of economic cooperation in East Asia, does not affect the country’s economic development of East Asian countries to “follow” the limits of the United States.
China, Japan, South Korea is East Asia’s big powers, the three countries do not want to see one of country’s dominance, they were reluctant Yang USA breath. The general mentality of the East Asian countries, “Chinese Dragon” provide a lift to catch on in the economy, security, however, want to get the “American Eagle” asylum.
Second, the scope of the East Asian region has gone beyond the geographical space, India, Russia, Australia, New Zealand, the East Asian countries in the political and economic sense. ASEAN to build the East Asia Summit has been to include these extra-regional countries, the increase in the number of countries brought the plight of the “collective action”, so many countries integrate together to contain China, the U.S. needs to pay a huge cost.the plight of
break through the collective action in two ways, one is to provide attractive reward or punishment breathtaking, and the other is to reduce the number of countries participating in the operation. American power has been unable to provide continuous temptation for East Asian countries. Win over the East Asian region and the formation of a small group, this trick seems to be more effective in December 2011, the United States, Japan and India, the meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. However, the mechanism is still a long way from the forum, regardless India or Japan, have recognized the problems in East Asia can not leave China. 2012 mid-February and India join hands to fight Somali pirates, means that India US-Japan alliance is an idea.
economist Colin Reed, the 2008 economic crisis, a country-driven world economy era has passed. The new world financial order is the order of cooperation and coordination, China has determined to play an important role. Emerging countries collectively represented by China’s rise is the biggest change in the situation of the 21st century, the three operators of the East Asian countries in the BRIC countries, the United States how to settle these emerging powers?
return to East Asia, does not mean that the old industry of the United States can re-operation overlord, the British international relations theorist Barry Buzan, we will usher in a world superpower. U.S. intervention in East Asia is not the depth of the lessons of the Korean and Vietnam wars the United States are more willing to staying behind the scenes. America’s return to East Asia’s goal is to prevent a hegemon in East Asia, and China do not want to see in East Asia appear overlord. At this point, the two countries’ common goal. For China, the active participation of peripheral affairs, raised the issue, set the agenda, thereby shaping the rules, is the only real. The Sun Xingjie (Jilin University Institute of International Relations Research Fellow)