Sheng Xuanhuai (November 4, 1844 -1916 year April 27), is the famous late Qing Dynasty official, government-run businessman.
said the Sheng Xuanhuai File complex should be established. On the one hand there are a large number of so far retained their inherent logic, file information for; the other hand, it is more important, it is Sheng Xuanhuai body and mind to pay for the preservation of these archives are made. The body and mind to pay both awareness on the preservation of archival material, but also in it the unconscious. Concerning the former, according to archives records, the Sheng Xuanhuai issued instrument, usually by drafting, clean copy revise, and revise the three issued on or before the issue. Even Sheng Xuanhuai old age is still serious as old. The Sheng Xuanhuai close aides Ye Jingkui once said: “Xuantong season, I in Mint supervision term of office, public fitness Chou Hua currency terms, the call more than questionable, correspondence is a grass, each in his sick bed in person whom, fine Shi – the highest. “text” I “is the Ye Jingkui claiming to be” public “refers Sheng Xuanhuai. Proposed correspondence is grass, “such a thing from Sheng Xuanhuai right, even if Woyu his sick bed, it shall be the person whom” enough is visible Sheng Xuanhuai copy (actually a file) the attention. from some of the content of Sheng Xuanhuai in Guangxu 14 years (the 1888), a Li, Liu Ming-chuan intrinsic draft “,
can also be seen the Sheng Xuanhuai File complex:” a separate Taiwan a ship books, where the collection of the water feet as into the models, disbursements insurance, Xin workers, coal, materials, customs fees, pier carry barge supply and miscellaneous overhaul minor repairs, as the drawings. “In order to accounts clear details of the balance of payments, Sheng therefore proposed to separate Taiwan ship books a so-called Cheng Li file as proof. This is also why Sheng Xuanhuai files in today in terms of quantity and quality, so become a spectacular, even the Research and Treatment, “Sheng file as a the root causes of learning.
As for Sheng Xuanhuai unconscious in the above, we can from Mr. Xia Dongyuan Sheng Xuanhuai summed up the groundbreaking first talk about: participated in the founding of the first Civil Affairs Enterprise Steamship; 1880 create China’s first telegraph office in Tianjin Cable & Wireless; founded in 1886 China ‘s Shandong inland steamer companies; built China’s first railway lines Lujan railway in the late 1890s; to create China’s first bank Commercial Bank of China in 1897; 1895 years, accomplishing China’s first formal university the Peiyang; 1904 in Shanghai in the spring of founder of the Red Cross, by the Qing government appointed the first president of the Red Cross Society of China. Because the Sheng Xuanhuai life has been so many famous career in this process will naturally be the formation of many such as Letters, letters and correspondence, telegrams and other files, long years, these files will always be retained. The yes Sheng Xuanhuai the General Office of former supreme court Shaoqing of China Cable and Wireless in 1900, when he stranded in Shanghai during the Boxer Rebellion captured Beijing, Empress Dowager Cixi and Emperor Guangxu to avoid going to Xi’an in Xi’an, and soon after to Rong Lu , Wang Wenshao, and Lu Chuan Lin headed by the Grand Council. China Cable and Wireless has become a master at this time Sheng Xuanhuai fled the Qing government to communicate with the outside world only channel of information. On behalf of the Qing court conferences in Beijing and the powers plenipotentiary Yi Kuang, the Li and Tong, who is only through Beijing to Taku land-based wire and submarine cables from Taku to Shanghai, the meetings and progress shall Sheng, pass the Sheng Xuanhuai via Shanghai to Xi’an Lu line in Xi’an, the Empress Dowager Cixi and Emperor Guangxu. The conferences on behalf of Beijing Yi Kuang Li is only through this channel feedback will of the Empress on the peace conditions. Not only Empress Dowager Cixi, such as provinces, generals, governors, as well as Liu Kun-yi, Chang Chih-tung, Yuan border province, by Sheng Xuanhuai the telecommunications and the Empress Dowager Cixi in Xi’an keep in close contact. In addition, the Minister of the Republic of China in Europe, America, Japan and other countries mostly rely on “secondary” when they Sheng Xuanhuai in Shanghai, to have timely access to Xi’an line instructions to Xi’an line and the Qing government conferences in Beijing on behalf of the attitudes and movements of the reporting Governments. As a, Sheng Xuanhuai sits the Cable and Wireless has become the conferences on behalf of this period, Xi’an bank, provincial generals, governors and diplomatic envoy between the convergence of telecommunications hub. In such circumstances, various types of telegrams will naturally be Sheng Xuanhuai unconscious eyes. In the meantime, Sheng Xuanhuai consciousness as he would all handled telegrams have retained a copy or papers, so that these valuable records to form and enter today we see Sheng file platform, and “Sheng file part of the record complete and systematic even more than official records. Such as when the Japanese landed in Xiamen by the boycott of Britain, the U.S. Navy, and thus forced to withdraw from the Xiamen after, to reflect, but its nowhere near the level of detail “Sheng file” records despite the U.S. State Department files.
Sheng Xuanhuai archival value can be seen. Cut today from the perspective of the file, to let us from the interpretation to Sheng Xuanhuai body there is another side. Author: Lu Qiguo
the , BEIJING, cultural news