Xinhua Beijing January 29 (Reporter Lvnuo) State Council recently forwarded the Ministry of Health, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance “National endemic disease prevention,” second five “plan” proposed the establishment of China’s economic and social development to adapt to long-term working mechanism of endemic diseases, the full implementation of control measures, the basic focus of endemic eliminate hazards.
The plan, continue to eliminate iodine deficiency hazards. Hainan, Tibet, Qinghai and Xinjiang, four provinces (regions) 90 percent of the counties (cities, districts) goal of eliminating iodine deficiency disorders, and other provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) 95 percent of the counties (cities, districts) remains to eliminate iodine deficiency disease status. Effective in preventing new cases of endemic cretinism. The overall level of iodine nutrition to maintain appropriate state; burning coal and basic elimination of endemic fluorosis and arsenic poisoning hazards. In burning coal endemic fluorosis areas, more than 95% of households to change the furnace to implement comprehensive measures based cooking stoves. Enhanced coal-pollution-endemic fluorosis, arsenic poisoning prevention and control of post-management, change furnace ward good rate in household stoves and cooking stoves correct use rate of 95% or more; effective control of drinking water in endemic fluorosis and arsenic poisoning goiter of iodine and water hazards. Basically completed the drinking water have been identified endemic fluorosis and arsenic poisoning of drinking water safety and ward change water project construction, the effective implementation of water-iodine ward and regional control measures. Changed water project has been built to strengthen the latter part of management to ensure that change more than 90% good running water projects, water quality in line with national and industry-relevant health standards; effective control of endemic fluorosis tea hazards, reduce the population levels of fluoride; basic elimination of Kashin-Beck disease. Kashin-Beck disease ward to eliminate the village more than 90%. Among them, the eastern and central regions more than 95%, 85% of the western region; basically eliminated Keshan disease. Keshan disease to eliminate the disease for more than 90% of counties.
plan proposes to strengthen disease surveillance, accurate, timely, quantitative analysis and forecasting trends in the national endemic disease and epidemic, prevention and control strategies to adjust to provide a scientific basis; to implement control measures, plus large intervention efforts in order to achieve tangible results; strengthen health education, knowledge of the endemic diseases known, enjoys popular support, and enhance public awareness of disease prevention, promote the formation of the production of healthy lifestyles.
plan proposes to strengthen the government leadership, the implementation of departmental responsibilities, strengthening the legal system, to improve prevention and control capacity, enhance inspection and evaluation, increase capital investment, improve the “government investment-based, multi-channel fund-raising.” The funding mechanism.
the end of 2010, China has 28 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) to reach the provincial goal of eliminating iodine deficiency disease stage, 97.9% of the counties (cities, districts) to the goal of eliminating iodine deficiency disorders; burning coal stove change endemic fluorosis rate of 92.6% cooking stoves; endemic fluorosis and arsenic poisoning ward schoolchildren, housewives, prevention knowledge and awareness of 85 % and 70%; 99% of endemic villages Kashin-Beck seriously ill children in the positive X-ray detection rate dropped to 20%.